The most common skin condition, especially well-known by teenagers – acne: whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, all those “pimples” that cause the discomfort and lower the self-confidence. It is primarily a hormonal condition driven by male hormones, which peak of activity is obvious during the teenage years. When the body’s sensitivity to hormonal shifts is aggravated by bacteria on the skin and fatty acids sebaceous glands, skin pores become blocked and inflamed. Although there are a lot of myths about the causes of acne, such as excessive eating of chocolate or fast-food, there are few scientifically proven risk factors for developing acne: hormones (in puberty, pregnancy, before the period or prior to menopause), certain medications (contraceptive, corticosteroids) and improper nutrition.
To prevent acne you should carefully your skincare regimen. Use a light cleanser and moisturizer every day, avoid touching face and squeezing pimples, choose non comedogenic (non pore-clogging) makeup – but the best thing of course is to consult with beauty therapist if your skin is acne-prone.
The treatment for acne depends on the severity of the condition. For a mild state it may be enough to use salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide based products, but in severe acne the antibiotics may be prescribed. The hormonal therapy is also a common treatment for ladies – usually it consists of birth control pills with low-dose estrogen/progesterone. As in every problematic condition it is important to ask for the professional help – the “self-treatment” of acne may often lead to complications, inflammation and scarring.