Pigmentation - age, too much sun or hormones?
Have you experienced the dark or light spots on the face, decollete, arms that make the skin tone uneven? Visible brown patches are called hyperpigmentation and determined by melanin overproduction. Normally this pigment is absorbing UV rays and protecting the skin its harm, but when exagerrated by hormones, sun, genetic predisposition or certain diseases (eg. diabetes) the production can become irregular and lead to hyper(dark) or hypopigmentation(white spots). Dermatologists separate 3 different types of pigmentation:
- Actinic lentigines (sun spots) – result of skin overexposure to the sun developed throughout years. The number of it will increase as we age.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – triggered by skin inflammation, illness, acne, burns.
- Melasma (“mask of pregnancy”) – larger patches on the forehead, perioral area and cheeks, caused by estrogen and progesterone stimulation to melanin overproduction when skin is exposed to the sun. Common in pregnant women and those taking contraceptives.
One of the main treatment steps is sun protection – use high SPF products daily. Your regime should be aimed on skin lightening, but it is necessary to consult with dermatologist and beauty therapist. Vitamin C is considered as good lightening ingredient, aloe vera also helps in treatment by softening the skin – you can check out the best home remedies, but be precise and careful! The right diet rich in antioxidants (fruits and veggies) and vitamin E/D/A also helps to reduce the pigmentation inside.
Anti-hypergpigmentation serums is a solution, but only if individually fitting and regularly used(daily, day&night). More invasive treatment, if abovementioned methods don’t work – laser and light treatments that are effective, but mostly on the light skin and problems may come back after a while.